Leave Message
For More Information

equipment needed to to produce steel or iron from iron ore:

equipment needed to to produce steel or iron from iron ore

Actual steel is mostly iron ore and less than 2% carbon, the other materials are used in the manufacturing of crude steel. Iron ore is mined in about 50 countries (worldsteel association, 2014). Nearly all of the iron ore that is mined, specifically about 98%, is used to produce steel. 5% of the Earth’s crust is made up of iron oxides, or ...

Read More
Steel production: from iron ore to functional industrial ...

It is possible to produce both steel beams for construction, or particular automotive parts from the same semi-finished product. How steel is made. First, the raw materials, either iron ore or scrap iron (depending on the process), are converted into molten steel. The ore-based process uses a blast furnace or smelter and the scrap-based process ...

Read More
Iron processing Britannica

Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned.Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting. Iron (Fe) is a relatively dense metal with a silvery white appearance and distinctive magnetic properties. It constitutes 5 percent by weight of the Earth’s crust, and it is the ...

Read More
Iron Ore into Steel - Accrue Group Holdings

Iron ore and Coking coal are used mainly in the blast furnace process of ironmaking. For this process, coking coal is turned into coke [an almost pure form of carbon] which is used as the main fuel and reductant in a blast furnace. Typically, it takes 1.5 tonnes of Iron ore and about 450 kg of Coke to produce a tonne of "Pig Iron", the raw iron ...

Read More
Steelmaking - Wikipedia

Steelmaking is the process of producing steel from iron ore and/or scrap.In steelmaking, impurities such as nitrogen, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and excess carbon (most important impurity) are removed from the sourced iron, and alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium, carbon and vanadium are added to produce different grades of steel.

Read More
Steelmaking - Wikipedia

Steelmaking is the process of producing steel from iron ore and/or scrap.In steelmaking, impurities such as nitrogen, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and excess carbon (most important impurity) are removed from the sourced iron, and alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium, carbon and vanadium are added to produce different grades of steel.

Read More
Iron Ore into Steel - Accrue Group Holdings

Iron ore and Coking coal are used mainly in the blast furnace process of ironmaking. For this process, coking coal is turned into coke [an almost pure form of carbon] which is used as the main fuel and reductant in a blast furnace. Typically, it takes 1.5 tonnes of Iron ore and about 450 kg of Coke to produce a tonne of "Pig Iron", the raw iron ...

Read More
This is how iron ore is turned into steel Business Insider

According to BAML, around 1.5 tonnes of iron ore is required to produce one tonne of steel. In comparison to a blast furnace, an electric arc furnace predominantly uses scrap steel product, rather ...

Read More
How iron is made - material, manufacture, making, history ...

Iron ore is converted into various types of iron through several processes. The most common process is the use of a blast furnace to produce pig iron which is about 92-94% iron and 3-5% carbon with smaller amounts of other elements. Pig iron has only limited uses, and most of this iron goes on to a steel mill where it is converted into various steel alloys by further reducing the carbon ...

Read More
Creating Steel HowStuffWorks

­Steel is iron that has most of the impurities removed. Steel also has a consistent concentration of carbon throughout (0.5 to 1.5 percent). Impurities like silica, phosphorous and sulfur weaken steel tremendously, so they must be eliminated. The advantage of steel over iron is greatly improved strength. The open-hearth furnace is one way to create steel from pig iron. The pig iron, limestone ...

Read More
Iron Ore Smelting Process - Bright Hub Engineering

The ore is loaded into a blast furnace along with measured quantities of coke and limestone. Hot combustion air is supplied to the furnace and some form of fuel used to raise the temperature. The iron is reduced from the ore by carbon in the coke, the limestone aiding slag separation from the molten iron. The slag and molten iron are tapped off from the bottom of the furnace, the slag being ...

Read More
Energy Efficiency and CO Reduction in the Iron and Steel ...

the manufacture of iron from iron ore has declined. However, a complete shift to recy - cling is limited by the availability and quality of scrap. The technology There are two main routes to produce steel. The integrated route is based on the production of iron from iron ore, while the recycling route uses scrap iron as the main iron-bearing raw material in electric arc fur - naces. In both ...

Read More
Making steel without coal: Lets talk about coal

Steel is an alloy of iron with carbon (0.002% - 2.1% by weight), and with other metals as needed. Typical additives are: nickel, chromium, manganese, molybdenum, titanium, vanadium, or tungsten, depending on physical properties sought, e.g., anti-rust, light, tough, heat resistant, elastic, or cheap. As a material, steel combines high tensile strength with low cost. It is one of the building ...

Read More
Iron ore processing (iron making) industry in Indonesia ...

01.11.2011  Processed iron ore are needed to feed midstream steel industry including slab and billet factories. The country's steel industry still entirely depends on imports for processed iron ore. Major steel producing countries notably China is eyeing iron ore supply from Indonesia. In fact iron ore producers in the country have exported their production mainly to China to be processed into steel ...

Read More
How much energy does it take (on average) to produce 1 ...

Wood (from standing timber): 3-7MJ (830 to 1,950 watt-hours). Steel (from recycled steel): 6-15MJ (1,665 to 4,170 watt-hours). Aluminum (from 100 % recycled aluminum): 11.35-17MJ (3,150 to 4,750 watt-hours) Iron (from iron ore): 20-25MJ (5,550 to 6,950 watt-hours) Glass (from sand, etcetera): 18-35MJ (5,000 to 9,700 watt-hours) Steel (from iron): 20-50MJ (5,550 to 13,900 watt-hours) Paper ...

Read More
Steel Production - American Iron and Steel Institute

The blast furnace is the first step in producing steel from iron oxides. The first blast furnaces appeared in the 14th century and produced one ton per day. Even though equipment is improved and higher production rates can be achieved, the processes inside the blast furnace remain the same. The blast furnace uses coke, iron ore and limestone to produce pig iron. Coal is a key part of the coke ...

Read More
Iron Ore into Steel - Accrue Group Holdings

Iron ore and Coking coal are used mainly in the blast furnace process of ironmaking. For this process, coking coal is turned into coke [an almost pure form of carbon] which is used as the main fuel and reductant in a blast furnace. Typically, it takes 1.5 tonnes of Iron ore and about 450 kg of Coke to produce a tonne of "Pig Iron", the raw iron ...

Read More
Creating Steel HowStuffWorks

­Steel is iron that has most of the impurities removed. Steel also has a consistent concentration of carbon throughout (0.5 to 1.5 percent). Impurities like silica, phosphorous and sulfur weaken steel tremendously, so they must be eliminated. The advantage of steel over iron is greatly improved strength. The open-hearth furnace is one way to create steel from pig iron. The pig iron, limestone ...

Read More
PRODUCTION OF IRON AND STEEL POWDERS

on reduction of iron ore, yielding a highly porous sponge-iron which subsequently is comminuted to powder. The latter process is based on atomization of a stream of liquid iron (or steel) by means of a jet of pressurized water. Both processes will be described in detail further below. In the manufacturing of sintered parts, iron powders are always used admixed with a small amount of lubricant ...

Read More
EUROPA - Energy Efficiency in the Iron and Steel

There are two main routes to produce steel. The integrated route is based on the production of iron from iron ore, while the recycling route uses scrap iron as the main iron-bearing raw material in electric arc furnaces. In both cases, the energy consumed comes from fuel (mainly coal and coke) and electricity. The recycling route consumes much less energy (about 80%) than the integrated route ...

Read More
The Blast Furnace S-cool, the revision website

How to extract iron from its ore The method Three substances are needed to enable to extraction of iron from its ore. The combined mixture is called the charge: Iron ore, haematite - often contains sand with iron oxide, Fe2O3. Limestone (calcium carbonate). Coke - mainly carbon. The charge is placed a giant chimney called a blast furnace. The blast furnace is around 30 metres high and lined ...

Read More
Energy Efficiency and CO Reduction in the Iron and Steel ...

the manufacture of iron from iron ore has declined. However, a complete shift to recy - cling is limited by the availability and quality of scrap. The technology There are two main routes to produce steel. The integrated route is based on the production of iron from iron ore, while the recycling route uses scrap iron as the main iron-bearing raw material in electric arc fur - naces. In both ...

Read More
Making steel without coal: Lets talk about coal

Steel is an alloy of iron with carbon (0.002% - 2.1% by weight), and with other metals as needed. Typical additives are: nickel, chromium, manganese, molybdenum, titanium, vanadium, or tungsten, depending on physical properties sought, e.g., anti-rust, light, tough, heat resistant, elastic, or cheap. As a material, steel combines high tensile strength with low cost. It is one of the building ...

Read More
Can We Make Steel Without Coal? - Coal Action Network

Then raw iron is made by reducing (removing the oxygen from) iron ore (iron oxide) by reacting it at high temperature with coke in a blast furnace. About half of the carbon in the coke combines with the oxygen from the iron ore to make CO2. The rest of the coke is burned in a blast of air in the blast furnace to provide the required high temperature; making more CO2. The resulting pig iron ...

Read More
How much energy does it take (on average) to produce 1 ...

Wood (from standing timber): 3-7MJ (830 to 1,950 watt-hours). Steel (from recycled steel): 6-15MJ (1,665 to 4,170 watt-hours). Aluminum (from 100 % recycled aluminum): 11.35-17MJ (3,150 to 4,750 watt-hours) Iron (from iron ore): 20-25MJ (5,550 to 6,950 watt-hours) Glass (from sand, etcetera): 18-35MJ (5,000 to 9,700 watt-hours) Steel (from iron): 20-50MJ (5,550 to 13,900 watt-hours) Paper ...

Read More